Neopixel is the product name of coloured LED’s that can be controlled individually. Neopixels come in a variety of shapes and sizes. At the core is a LED driver (WS2812B), able to produce an RGB colorspace. To drive it, a single PWM line suffices. Multiple ‘NeoPixels’ can be connected in cascade. Connect the input of the first Neopixel with the Arduino PWM pin of your choice via a 470 Ω resistor, simply connect the following Neopixel input to the output of the first Neopixel.
Das Neopixel Überguide
- Place a 470 Ω resistor on the data line. This resistor must be at the NeoPixel end of the wire to be effective!
- Add a large capacitor (1000 µF, 6.3V or higher) across the + and – power supply connections.
- Try to minimize the distance between the Arduino and first pixel.
- Make sure that your connections are secure. Jumper wires do not make reliable connections.
Other useful tips:
- If powering the pixels with a separate supply, apply power to the pixels before applying power to the microcontroller.
- Avoid connecting NeoPixels to a live circuit. If you simply must, always connect ground first, then +5V, then data. Disconnect in the reverse order.
- NeoPixels powered by 5V require a 5V data signal. If using a 3.3V microcontroller you must use a logic level shifter.