The NE555 or LM555 timer is a chip containing the semi-conductor components needed for timer and oscillator circuits. Several types of timers or oscillators can be built with this simple IC depending on the configuration of the external circuitry.
- Monostable Multivibrator (one shot): when the trigger is activated, the output remains high for a set time. Uses: timers, bounce-free switches, touch switches, frequency divider, capacitance measurement, pulse-width modulation (PWM) signals.
- Astable Multivibrator (free running oscillator): trigger is tied to threshold – output keeps oscillating at a set frequency. This can be used for e.g. lamp flashers, pulse generation, logic clocks, tone generation, security alarm and so on.
- Bi-stable (flip-flop): the circuit can be in two distinct states and changes state depending on trigger and reset input. Used for cleaning noisy signal, bounce-free latched switches.
A CMOS (lower power) version is available under TLC555 .
Double and quadruple versions are also available under number 556 and 558 respectively.
Most important specifications
- Supply voltage: 4.5 – 16 V
- Supply current: around 10 mA, depending on supply voltage
- Maximum output current: 200 mA